Hon'ble Chief Minister

Selvi J Jayalalithaa

Madurai Corporation Complaint # : 0452-2525252
Call Us : +0452 2530521 to 2530526
Email : mducorp@gmail.com

ABOUT MADURAI CITY

HISTORY

It is narrated in legend that Madurai was originally a forest known as Kadambavanam. One day, a farmer named Dhananjaya who was passing through the forest, saw Indra (The king of the gods), worshipping a swayambhu (self created Lingam ) under kadamba tree. Dhananjaya, the farmer immediately reported this to King Kulasekara Pandya. Kulasekara Pandya cleared the forest and built a temple around the Lingam.

A city was soon planned with the temple as its centre. On the day the city was to be named, Lord Shiva is said to have appeared and drops of nectar from his hair fell on the town. So, the place was named Madurai - mathuram meaning "sweetness" in Tamil.

The Cholas ruled Madurai from 920 AD till the beginning of the 13th century. In 1223 AD Pandyas regained their kingdom and once again become prosperous. In April 1311, Malik Kafur, the general of Alauddin Khilji who was then the ruler of Delhi, reached Madurai and raided and robbed the city for precious stones, jewels, and other rare treasures. This led to the subsequent raids by other Muslim Sultans. In 1323, the Pandya kingdom including Madurai became a province of the Delhi empire, under the Tughlaks.

The 1371, the Vijayanagar dynasty of Hampi captured Madurai and Madurai became a part of the Vijayanagar empire. Kings of this dynasty were in habit of leaving the captured land to governors called Nayaks. This was done for the efficient management of their empire. The Nayaks paid fixed amount annually to the Vijayanagar empire. After the death of Krishna Deva Raya (King of Vijayanagar empire) in 1530 AD, the Nayaks became independent and ruled the territories under their control.

The 1371, the Vijayanagar dynasty of Hampi captured Madurai and Madurai became part of the Vijayanagar empire. Kings of this dynasty were in habit of leaving the captured land to governors called Nayaks.

This was done for the efficient management of their empire. The Nayaks paid fixed amount annually to the Vijayanagar empire. After the death of Krishna Deva Raya (King of Vijayanagar empire) in 1530 AD, the Nayaks became independent and ruled the territories under their control.

Now after India's independence, Madurai is one of the major districts of Tamilnadu State. Later on Madurai district was bifurcated into two districts namely Madurai and Dindugul Districts. In Madurai District, there are 15 State Assembly constituencies and two parliament constituencies.

Madurai is famous for Jasmine Flowers. Jasmine flowers are transported to other cities of India from Madurai.

POPULATION PARTICULARS

The population of the city for the previous decades as obtained from the census department are as follows:

Year Population
1961 4,24,974
1971 5,49,100
1981 8,20,891
1991 9,40,989

Based on the standard methods of population projections, the city's population has been computed as follows:

Stages Year Population (in lakhs)
Present 1997 11.15
Interim 2012 13.70
Ultimate 2027 16.50

GENERAL INFORMATION

   
Area 51.5 Sq. Kms ( 8.56 Sq. Miles)
Population 11 lakhs (Approx.)
Altitude 101 meters (330 ft) above sea level
Clothing Tropical
Season Throughout the year
Languages Spoken Tamil, English, Sourashtra
Festivals Chithirai Festival (April - May ) , Avanimool Festival (Sep - Oct ) , Float Festival (January - February )
STD Code 0452

HOW TO REACH

By Air - Flight Time Schedule & Fares

Indian Airlines

Flight No. Departure Departure Time(IST) Arrival Arrival Time(IST) Fares
IC 672 Madurai 13.20 Chennai 14.15 RS.2625/-
IC 672 Chennai 14.55 Madurai 16.40 RS.4825/-
IC 671 Mumbai 9.20 Chennai 11.05 RS.4825/-
IC 671 Chennai 11.45 Madurai 12.40 RS.2625/-

Jet Airways

Flight No. Departure Departure Time(IST) Arrival Arrival Time(IST) Fares
9W 417 Mumbai 9.35 Madurai 11.30 RS. 5600/-
9W 418 Madurai 12.00 Mumbai 01.55 RS.5600/-

Air Deccan

Flight No. Origin Destination Departure Arrival
DA-106 Madurai Bangalore 12.10 12.25
DN-145 Madurai Tuticorin 10.50 11.15
DN-145 Chennai Madurai 09.15 10.30
DN-111 Chennai Madurai 17.15 18.30
Air Lines Phone Numbers
Airport Enquiry 2671333,2670433
Indian Airlines Booking Enquiry 2741234
International Booking 2741236
Indian Airlines, Airport Enquiry 2671333, 2670433
Indian Airlines Cargo 2742707
East West Airlines 2742695
NEPC Airlines, Enquiry 2740520
Jet Airways 2522077,2526969, 2677771

By Train - Time Schedule

TrainNo. Express Train Name Arrival Time Departure Time
6708 Madurai Coimbatore Express - 06.40
2636 Madurai Chennai Egmore Vaigai Express - 06.45
1044 Madurai Lokmanya Tilak (T ) Express - 18.00
6787 Madurai Jammu Tawi Express - 19.15
2638 Madurai Chennai Egmore Pandian Express - 20.30
6351 Tirupati Nagercoil Express 00.50 01.00
6121 Chennai Egmore Kanyakumari Express 02.20 02.30
6703 Chennai Egmore Tuticorin Pearl City Express 03.25 03.35
6123 Chennai Egmore Trivandrum Express 04.10 04.20
2631 Chennai Egmore Tirunelveli Nellai Express 05.25 05.30
2637 Chennai Egmore Madurai Pandian Express 06.30 -
6355 Howrah Kanyakumari Express 07.05 07.15
0679 Chennai Central Nagercoil Weekly Express 07.05 07.15
6732 Bangalore Tuticorin Express 08.00 08.10
6352 Nagercoil Tirupati Express 09.25 09.35
6340 Nagercoil Mumbai CSTM Express 11.05 11.15
6356 Kanyakumari Howrah Express 11.05 11.15
6128 Guruvayur Chennai Egmore Express 11.50 12.00
6788 Jammu Tawi Madurai Link Express 17.30 -
2641 Kannyakumari - H Nizamuddin Thirukural Express 18.20 18.30
0680 Nagercoil Chennai Central Weekly Express 18.20 18.30
6707 Coimbatore- Madurai Express 19.25 -
6731 Tuticorin - Bangalore Express 19.25 19.40
2635 Chennai Egmore Madurai Vaigai Express 20.15 -
2632 Tirunelveli Chennai Egmore Nellai Express 20.55 21.00
6704 Tuticorin Chennai Egmore Pearl City Express 21.35 21.45
6122 Kannyakumari Chennai Egmore Express 22.10 22.20
6716 Rameswaram Coimbatore Express 23.00 23.10
1043 Lokmanya Tilak (T ) Madurai Express 23.55 -
6339 Mumbai CSTM Nagercoil Express 23.55 00.05
TrainNo. Passenger Train Name Arrival Time Departure Time
783 Madurai Rajapalayam Passenger - 07.00
776 Madurai Coimbatore Fast Passenger - 07.25
776A Madurai Palghat Passenger - 07.25
713 Madurai Bodinayakkanur Passenger - 07.45
Southern Railway Phone Numbers
Enquiry 131,132,133,135,136
Automated Enquiry 1361, 1363
Arrival, Departure, Time enquiry round the clock 2743135, 135
Tourism Enquiry 2742888
Station Master 2743799, 2741597
Control Room 2602918
Parcel Office 2741179
Railway Police 2743851
Goods Shed 2661631

By Road Bus timings

List of Moffusil Routes

Route Number From To No.of Services Journey Time
104 Madurai Salem 13 6.00
141 Madurai Palani 5 3.00
144 Exp Madurai Coimbatore 14 5.10
146 Madurai Sathyamangalam 1 6.00
147 Madurai Tiruppur 4 4.15
148 Madurai Gopi 2 6.00
161 Exp Madurai Erode 6 5.15
304 Madurai Rameswaram 14 4.10
504 Madurai Nellai 16 3.20
505 Madurai Nagercoil 14 5.15
542 Madurai Papanasam(Nellai) 5 5.10
512 Madurai Sankaran Koil 5 3.45
753 Madurai Sankaran Koil 4 3.05
754 Madurai Surandai 2 4.15
704 Madurai Senkottai 21 4.35
761 Madurai Papanasam 6 5.45
848 Madurai Thekkadi 2 4.10
847 Madurai Kumuli 3 4.00
848 Madurai Cumbum 13 2.55
844 Madurai Thevaram 3 3.05
803 Madurai Theni 23 1.50
806 Madurai Moonar 1 5.30
131 Madurai Kodaikanal 5 4.00

List of Town Routes

Route Number From To Course No.of Services Journey Time
3 Palanganatham Integrated bus stand Periyar bus stand, Anna bus stand 4 0.40
3A Periyar Bus stand Integrated bus stand Anna bus stand, K K Nagar 2 0.35
4 Arappalayam Viranganur ring road Periyar bus stand, Theppakkulam 5 0.40
4C Periyar bus stand Integrated bus stand Theppakulam 5 0.35
48A Exp Periyar bus stand Thirumangalam Thirunagar 3 0.35
7 Arappalayam Palanganatham Periyar bus stand 5 0.20
48A FAST LSS Periyar bus stand Thirumangalam Thirunagar 4 0.35
48 LSS Arappalayam Thirumangalam EB Thirunagar 2 0.50
48EXP Arappalayam Thirumangalam Thirunagar 4 0.45
48Y EXP Integraed bus stand Thirumangalam Periyar bus stand 2 0.55
77B EXP Arappalayam Integrated bus stand Simmakkal 5 0.25
77B Arappalayam Integrated bus stand Simmakkal 7 0.30
A5 LSS/B5 LSS Anna nagar Thirupparankundram Periyar bus stand 3 0.45
5M LSS Integraed bus stand Thirupparankundram Periyar bus stand 1 0.45
10A Periyar bus stand Airport Avaniyapuram 1 0.30
21D Periyar bus stand M K University V N College, M K University 1 0.35
21P Anuppanadi University Periyar bus stand 1 1.00
38 Periyar bus stand Vandiyur South gate, Anna bus stand 2 0.35
716 Periyar bus stand Thiruvathavur Court 4 1.05
810 Periyar bus stand Sooriya nagar Simmakkal 1 0.30
843 LSS Periyar bus stand Alagarkoil Intergrated bus stand 1 0.50
844 EXP Periyar bus stand Alagarkoil Pudur 2 0.40
844 LSS Periyar bus stand Alagarkoil Pudur 7 0.50
1B Periyar bus stand P & T Nagar Narimedu 2 0.35
4A Periyar bus stand Anuppanadi Eate gate, Theppakulam 2 0.25
5LSS Integrated bus stand Thirunagar Periyar bus stand, Thirupparankundram 2 0.50
8B Anuppanadi Dr.J J Nagar Arappalayam 1 1.00
11B Periyar bus stand M G Nagar Narimedu 5 0.35
14B Integrated bus stand Thirunagar South gate, Thirupparankundram 4 1.05
A14/B14 LSS Anna nagar Thirunagar South gate, Thirupparankundram 4 1.00
A22/B22 LSS P&T Nagar Thirunagar Periyar bus stand 2 1.00
A22A/B22A LSS Pudur Thirunagar Periyar bus stand 2 1.00
48A LSS Anna nagar Thirumangalam Periyar bus stand 2 0.55
48A EXP Anna nagar Thirumangalam Periyar bus stand 2 0.50
48Z EXP M G Nagar Thirumangalam Periyar bus stand 1 0.55
49 Pudur Thirumangalam Periyar bus stand 2 1.05
49LSS Min Nagar Thirumangalam Periyar bus stand 4 0.55
73 Anna nagar Palanganatham Periyar bus stand 4 0.45
77 Arappalayam Anna nagar Intergrated bus stand 3 0.30
862 Periyar bus stand Krishnanagar Simmakkal 1 0.28
21B Periyar bus stand Vadivelkarai Kalavasal, M K University 1 0.30
21C Periyar bus stand Keelakuilkudi Kalavasal, M K University 1 0.35
29 LSS Periyar bus stand Sholavandan Thenur 4 0.50
40B Periyar bus stand Kodikulam University 3 1.15
42 Periyar bus stand Poovanthi Karuppayurani 1 1.00
57LSS Periyar bus stand Palamedu Alanganallur 2 0.45
71LSS Periyar bus stand Vadipatti Samayanallur 8 0.55
75EXP Periyar bus stand Melur Court 4 0.50
75LSS Periyar bus stand Melur Court 8 0.50
A75/B75 Periyar bus stand Melur Court 6 0.55
76LSS/EXP Periyar bus stand Kariyapatti Avaniapuram 7 0.50
99EXP Periyar bus stand Thiruppachethi Thiruppuvanam 1 0.50
99 LSS Periyar bus stand Thiruppachethi Thiruppuvanam 2 0.55
863 Periyar bus stand Thiruppalai Simmakkal 1 0.35
872 Periyar bus stand Poolampatti Umachikulam 2 0.55
878 LSS Periyar bus stand Chatrapatti Umachikulam 2 0.40
880 Periyar bus stand Alanganallur Chatrapatti 2 1.10
886 Periyar bus stand Lingavadi Chatrapatti 2 1.10
888 Periyar bus stand Chinnakasampatti Chatrapatti 1 1.15